What Is Reduced Elliptic Curve Group

This section describes Reduced Elliptic Curve Groups or Elliptic Curve over Prime Field GF(p), denoted as Ep, which uses elliptic curve equations reduced by modular arithmetic of prime number p to define the group element set, and uses point addition operation based on the rule of chord reduced by the same modular arithmetic as the group operation.

After applying modular arithmetic reduction of prime number p to the elliptic equation and the point addition operation, I think we have found the complete definition of a new type of elliptic curve Abelian groups, we can call them reduced elliptic curve groups for now.

1. Group Element Set - All integer points P = (x, y) that satisfy the elliptic equation of coefficients a and b, reduced by modular arithmetic of prime number p as expressed below:

Element Set:
All P = (x,y), such that:
y2 = x3 + ax + b (mod p)
where:
a and b are integers
p is a prime number
4a3 + 27b2 != 0
x and y are integers in {0, 1, 2, ..., p-1}

2. Group Operation - The elliptic curve point addition operation based on the rule of chord reduced by modular arithmetic of prime number p as expressed below:

For any two given points on the curve:
P = (xP, yP)
Q = (xQ, yQ)

R = P + Q is a third point on the curve:
R = (xR, yR)

Where:
xR = m2 - xP - xQ (mod p)     (11)
yR = m(xP - xR) - yP (mod p)  (12)

If P != Q, m is determined by:
m(xP - xQ) = yP - yQ (mod p)  (18)

If P = Q, m is determined by:
2m(yP) = 3(xP)2 + a (mod p)   (19)

3. Identity Element - The infinite point of 0 = (∞, ∞).

I don't have any reference resource that proves the above definition produces Abelian group. But I will provide some verifications of some specific cases of p, a and b.

Reduced elliptic curve groups are called with different names in different reference sources like: Elliptic curves over prime filed GF(p) as in "Elliptic Curve Cryptography: finite fields and discrete logarithms" at andrea.corbellini.name/2015/05/23 /elliptic-curve-cryptography-finite-fields-and-discrete-logarithms/, and in "Elliptic Curve Cryptography" at https://slideplayer.com/slide/6610565/.

A reduced elliptic curve group can be denoted as Ep(a,b) for a specific set of p, a and b. It is also called an elliptic curve over a finite field.