XSD Schema XML SAX Validator - XsdSchemaSaxValidator.java

This section describes a tutorial example on how to create a Validator instance from an XSD Schema instance to validate an XML file using the JAXP SAX interface.

After creating an XSD Schema instance from the XSD schema file, we are ready to create a Validator instance from the schema instance. This Validator instance can then be used to validate an XML file represented with the DOM interface or the SAX interface.

We have tried the DOM interface in previous tutorials. Now we want to try the SAX interface.

Here is a tutorial example program called XsdSchemaSaxValidator.java that validates an XML file against an XSD file using the SAX interface:

/* XsdSchemaSaxValidator.java
 - Copyright (c) 2002-2013 HerongYang.com. All Rights Reserved.
import javax.xml.validation.SchemaFactory;
import javax.xml.validation.Schema;
import javax.xml.XMLConstants;
import javax.xml.transform.sax.SAXSource;
import org.xml.sax.InputSource;
import javax.xml.validation.Validator;
import java.io.*;
class XsdSchemaSaxValidator {
  public static void main(String[] a) {
    if (a.length<2) {
      System.out.println("java XsdSchemaValidator schema_file_name "
        + "xml_file_name");
    } else {
      String schemaName = a[0];
      String xmlName = a[1];
      Schema schema = loadSchema(schemaName);
      validateXml(schema, xmlName);
  public static void validateXml(Schema schema, String xmlName) {
    try {
      // creating a Validator instance
      Validator validator = schema.newValidator();
      System.out.println("Validator Class: "
        + validator.getClass().getName());

      // preparing the XML file as a SAX source
      SAXSource source = new SAXSource(
        new InputSource(new java.io.FileInputStream(xmlName)));

      // validating the SAX source against the schema
      System.out.println("Validation passed.");

    } catch (Exception e) {
      // catching all validation exceptions
  public static Schema loadSchema(String name) {
    Schema schema = null;
    try {
      String language = XMLConstants.W3C_XML_SCHEMA_NS_URI;
      SchemaFactory factory = SchemaFactory.newInstance(language);
      schema = factory.newSchema(new File(name));
    } catch (Exception e) {
    return schema;

As the first test, let's try to validate the following simple XML file, first_html.xml, against the simple XSD schema file, first_html.xsd:

herong> type first_html.xsd
<?xml version = "1.0" encoding = "utf-8"?>
<xs:schema xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
  elementFormDefault="qualified" attributeFormDefault="unqualified">
 <xs:element name="html" type="htmlType"/>
 <xs:complexType name="htmlType">
   <xs:element name="body" type="xs:string"/>

herong> type first_html.xml
<?xml version = "1.0" encoding = "utf-8"?>
<body>My first HTML document in XML format.</body>

herong> javac XsdSchemaSaxValidator.java

herong> java XsdSchemaSaxValidator first_html.xsd first_html.xml

Validator Class: com.sun.org.apache.xerces.internal.jaxp

Validation passed.

The output shows that:

Table of Contents

 About This Book

 Introduction to XML Schema

 XML Editor and Schema Processor - XMLPad

 Java API for XML Processing - JAXP

JAXP - XML Schema (XSD) Validation

 Standard Steps to Validate XML Documents Against a Schema

 XSD Schema File Loader - XsdSchemaLoader.java

 XSD Schema File Loading Errors

 XSD Schema XML DOM Validator - XsdSchemaDomValidator.java

 XSD Schema XML DOM Validation Errors

 XSD Schema XML DOM Validator with Error Handler

XSD Schema XML SAX Validator - XsdSchemaSaxValidator.java

 XSD Schema XML SAX Validation Errors

 XSD Schema XML SAX Validator with Error Handler

 XSD Schema XML Validator - Final Version

 XSD 1.1 Not Supported in JDK 13

 Xerces2 Java Parser - Java API of XML Parsers

 Using Xerces2 Java APIs

 XML Schema Language - Basics

 Introduction of XSD Built-in Datatypes

 "string" and Its Derived Datatypes

 "decimal" and Its Derived Datatypes

 "dateTime" and Its Related Datatypes

 Miscellaneous Built-in Datatypes

 Facets, Constraining Facets and Restriction Datatypes

 "simpleType" - Defining Your Own Simple Datatypes

 Complex Element Declaration

 Identity-Constraints: unique, key and keyref

 Assertion as Custom Validation Rules

 XML Schema Location and Namespace in XML Documents

 Overriding Element Types in XML Documents

 Linking Multiple Schema Documents Together


 Archived Tutorials


 Full Version in PDF/EPUB