Verify Merkle Root of 2 Transactions

This section describes how to verify the Merkle Root of 2 transactions in a Bitcoin block.

Once we learned how to calculating SHA256 hash in Python, we can try to verify the Merkle Root now.

Get the block # 492 (it has only 2 transactions) from Bitcoin Test Network:

C:\>\local\bitcoin-0.15.1\bin\bitcoin-cli -testnet getblockhash 492

C:\>\local\bitcoin-0.15.1\bin\bitcoin-cli -testnet getblock

  "height": 492,
  "version": 1,
  "versionHex": "00000001",
  "tx": [

Enter following Python script:

#- Copyright (c) 2018,, All Rights Reserved.

import hashlib
import binascii
def doubleSha256(hex): 
   bin = binascii.unhexlify(hex)
   hash = hashlib.sha256(bin).digest()
   hash2 = hashlib.sha256(hash).digest()
   return binascii.hexlify(hash2)

# Getting transaction hashes from Bitcoin Core
h1 = "e788ae269c53d6968fbff98791dc33a21c5758f65c91094f81c907769bdf0a99"
h2 = "3c5b5e142132493520fafd10989a64d42a43d94bae44dd618936667e7fd947dc" 

# Converting them in little-endian hex notation
h1 = binascii.hexlify(binascii.unhexlify(h1)[::-1])
h2 = binascii.hexlify(binascii.unhexlify(h2)[::-1])

# Concatenating the pair
hex = h1+h2

# Taking double-SHA256 hash
hash = doubleSha256(hex)

# Converting result to big-endian hex notation
root = binascii.hexlify(binascii.unhexlify(hash)[::-1])
root = str(root,"ascii")

# Comparing with Merkle Root on Bitcoin Core
exp = "8a1488b7ee767f0e03840ad0eac6277762e4bba8481d38a38ed1df1d564db361";
print("Match the Bitcoin network: "+str(root==exp))
print("Merkle Root:\n   "+root)

Enter following Python script:


Match the Bitcoin network: True
Merkle Root:

This confirms our Merkle Root hash algorithm is correct.

Table of Contents

 About This Book

 Introduction of Bitcoin

 Bitcoin Blockchain

 Bitcoin Wallet

 Bitcoin Core

 Bitcoin Transaction

 Bitcoin-Qt - Bitcoin Core GUI

 Bitcoin Mining

 Bitcoin Consensus Rules

Bitcoin Block Data Structure

 Data Components of Bitcoin Block

 Data Properties of Bitcoin Block

 Merkle Root of Bitcoin Block

 Calculate Double-SHA256 Hash with Python

Verify Merkle Root of 2 Transactions

 Verify Merkle Root of 7 Transactions

 Data Structure of Bitcoin Block

 "getblock blockhash 0" - Serialized Hex Block Data

 Block Hash Calculation Algorithm

 Block Hash Calculation in Python

 Calculate Double-SHA256 Hash with Java

 Bitcoin Transaction Data Structure

 Bitcoin Blockchain APIs

 Copay - Bitcoin Wallet

 Archived Tutorials


 Full Version in PDF/EPUB