What Is The Internet

This section provides a quick introduction of the history of the Internet and its communication protocols.

What Is The Internet? - The Internet is the global virtual network that uses the Internet protocol suite to connect all different types of physical computer networks together.

The Internet protocol suite, proposed by Vinton Cerf and others, include:

Based on the above Internet protocol suite, other application level protocols were developed to support Internet applications, like e-mails and Websites.

From architectual point of view, Internet related protocols can be divided into 4 layers as shown in the diagram below (Source: berkeley.edu):

Internet Protocol Layers
Internet Protocol Layers

Table of Contents

 About This Book

 2002 - .NET Framework Developed by Microsoft

 1995 - PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor Created by Rasmus Lerdorf

 1995 - Java Language Developed by Sun Microsystems

 1991 - WWW (World Wide Web) Developed by Tim Berners-Lee

 1991 - Gopher Protocol Created by a University of Minnesota Team

 1984 - X Window System Developed a MIT Team

 1984 - Macintosh Developed by Apple Inc.

 1983 - "Sendmail" Mail Transfer Agent Developed by Eric Allman

 1979 - The Tcsh (TENEX C Shell) Developed by Ken Greer

 1978 - Bash (Bourne-Again Shell) Developed by Brian Fox

 1978 - The C Shell Developed by Bill Joy

 1977 - The Bourne Shell Developed by Stephen Bourne

 1977 - Apple II Designed by Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak

 1976 - vi Text Editor Developed by Bill Joy

1974 - Internet by Vinton Cerf

What Is The Internet

 What Is Internet Gateway

 What Is Telnet

 What Is FTP (File Transfer Protocol)

 1972 - C Language Developed by Dennis Ritchie

 1971 - FTP Protocol Created by Abhay Bhushan

 1970 - UNIX Operating System Developed by AT&T Bell Labs

 1957 - FORTRAN Language Developed by IBM


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