ActionListener and DocumentListener

This section provides a tutorial example on how to create a text field with an event handler implemented as both the ActionListener listener and the DocumentListener listener.

As you can see from the previous section, a text field can trigger action events directly. It can also trigger document events indirectly through its associated document. Here is a sample program to show you how and when those events are triggered:

 * Copyright (c) 1997-2024 All Rights Reserved.
import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import javax.swing.event.*;
import javax.swing.text.*;
public class JTextFieldTest {
   public static void main(String[] a) {
      JFrame f = new JFrame("Text Field Test");
      MyTextField t = new MyTextField(16);
   private static class MyTextField extends JTextField 
      implements ActionListener, DocumentListener  {
      static int count = 0;
      public MyTextField(int l) {
         Document doc = this.getDocument();
         System.out.println("The document object: "+doc);
      public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
         System.out.println(count+": Action performed - "+getText());
      public void insertUpdate(DocumentEvent e) {
         System.out.println(count+": Insert update - "+getText());
      public void removeUpdate(DocumentEvent e) {
         System.out.println(count+": Remove update - "+getText());
      public void changedUpdate(DocumentEvent e) {
         System.out.println(count+": Change update - "+getText());

Run this program and do the following in the text field:

The text field should look like this:

JTextField Listeners
JTextField Listeners

And you should get the following output in the console window:

The document object: javax.swing.text.PlainDocument@4e79f1
1: Insert update - h
2: Insert update - hi
3: Remove update - h
4: Insert update - he
5: Action performed - he

The output confirms that:

Table of Contents

 About This Book

 JDK (Java Development Kit)

 Introduction of Java Swing Package

 Graphics Environment of the Local System

 JFrame - Main Frame Class

 JLabel - Swing Label Class

 JButton - Swing Button Class

 JCheckBox - Swing Check Box Class

 JRadioButton - Swing Radio Button Class

JTextField - Swing Text Field Class

 javax.swing.JTextField and Related Classes

ActionListener and DocumentListener

 JComboBox - Swing Combo Box Class

 Menu Bar, Menus, Menu Items and Listeners

 Creating Internal Frames inside the Main Frame

 Layout of Components in a Container

 LookAndFeel and UIManager

 Option Dialog Boxes

 JEditorPane - The Editor Pane Class

 SwingWorker - The Background Task Worker

 AWT (Abstract Windows Toolkit)

 Integration with Desktop System

 Archived Tutorials


 Full Version in PDF/EPUB