This section provides a quick description of event trigger attributes on different HTML tags and the 'event' object representing the event with detail information about the event. A tutorial example is provided to display mouse location by adding a listener to the mouse-pushed-down event.
A typical Web browser also supports special HTML attributes to let you add event listeners and passing event objects.
Here are few commonly used HTML attributes on various HTML tags:
"<body onLoad="listener_code" ...>" - The specified listener code will be executed when the "onLoad" event
is triggered by the browser starting to load the HTML document.
"<body onMouseDown="listener_code" ...>" - The specified listener code will be executed
when the "onMouseDown" event is triggered by the user pushing down the mouse button anywhere in the browser window.
"<a onMouseOver="listener_code" ...>" - The specified listener code will be executed
when the "onMouseOver" event is triggered by the user moving mouse over this hyper link.
"<input type="button" onClick="listener_code" ...>" - The specified listener code will be executed
when the "onClick" event is triggered by the user clicking this button.
More event trigger attributes will be introduced in other chapters in this book.
In each event trigger attribute, the browser will provide an object called "event", which presents this event
and contains detailed information about this event. This "event" object has various properties and methods for you
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<title>Event Object and Trigger</title>
"window.alert('X: '+event.clientX+', Y: '+event.clientY);">
<p>Click anywhere on the page to see location coordinates.</p>
In this tutorial example, the "onMouseDown" event trigger attribute on the "body" tag
is used to add a short listener code to be executed with the user push down the mouse button
on the page. The listener code uses the "event" object provided by the browser to retrieve
x and y coordinates of the location.
The coordinates are reported back the user with an alert box by calling the "alert()" method
on the "window" object. See the picture below: