java.lang.Enum Super Type

This section provides a tutorial on how to verify the enum type hierarchy supported by the java.lang.Enum Super Type.

From previous tutorials, we can see that the "enum" declaration statement provides a simpler way to define a set of constants than the "class" declaration statement.

Another benefit of using the "enum" declaration statement is that the resulting enum type is a subtype of java.lang.Enum<E extends Enum*lt;E>>, which implements 3 interfaces: Serializable, Comparable<E>, Constable.

So if you define an enum type E with an "enum" declaration statement, E will automatically become a subtype of Enum<Rank> and Enum<?>. E will also become Serializable, Comparable<E>, and Constable.

Here is a sample program that verifies the type hierarchy of an enum type:

 * Copyright (c) All Rights Reserved.
import java.lang.Enum;
import java.lang.Comparable;
import java.lang.constant.Constable;
class EnumTypeHierarchy {
   enum Rank {
   enum Color {

   public static void main(String[] arg) { out = System.out;
      out.println("Converting enum constant to string:");
      out.println("   Rank.GOLD = "+Rank.GOLD);
      out.println("   Rank.SILVER = "+Rank.SILVER);
      out.println("   Rank.BRONZE = "+Rank.BRONZE);

      Rank gold = Rank.GOLD;
      out.println("Enum constant class:");
      out.println("   gold instanceof Rank = "+(gold instanceof Rank));
      out.println("   gold class name = "+gold.getClass().getName());

      out.println("Reifiable class types - Gold:");
      out.println("   is a Rank = "+(gold instanceof Rank));
      out.println("   is a Enum<?> = "+(gold instanceof Enum<?>));
      out.println("   is a Object = "+(gold instanceof Object));

      out.println("Reifiable interface types - Gold:");
      out.println("   is Serializable = "+(gold instanceof Serializable));
      out.println("   is Comparable<?> = "+(gold instanceof Comparable<?>));
      out.println("   is Constable = "+(gold instanceof Constable));

      out.println("Non-reifiable types:");
      Enum<Rank> enumRank = gold;
      out.println("   gold is an Enum<Rank> = true");
      // Enum<Color> enumColor = gold;
      out.println("   gold is not an Enum<Color> = false");
      Comparable<Rank> comparableRank = gold;
      out.println("   gold is an Comparable<Rank> = true");
      // Comparable<Color> comparableColor = gold;
      out.println("   gold is an Comparable<Color> = false");

If you compile and run, you should get:

herong> java

Converting enum constant to string:
   Rank.GOLD = GOLD
Enum constant class:
   gold instanceof Rank = true
   gold class name = EnumTypeHierarchy$Rank
Reifiable class types - Gold:
   is a Rank = true
   is a Enum<?> = true
   is a Object = true
Reifiable interface types - Gold:
   is Serializable = true
   is Comparable<?> = true
   is Constable = true
Non-reifiable types:
   gold is an Enum<Rank> = true
   gold is an Enum<Color> = false
   gold is an Comparable<Rank> = true
   gold is an Comparable<Color> = false

Table of Contents

 About This Book

 JDK - Java Development Kit

 Execution Process, Entry Point, Input and Output

 Primitive Data Types and Literals

 Control Flow Statements

 Bits, Bytes, Bitwise and Shift Operations

 Managing Bit Strings in Byte Arrays

 Reference Data Types and Variables

Enum Types and Enum Constants

 What Is an Enum Type

 Use 'class' to Define Enumeration

 Instance Variables for Enum Constants

java.lang.Enum Super Type

 Enum Constant Inherited Methods

 Enum Constant Implicit Methods

 StringBuffer - The String Buffer Class

 System Properties and Runtime Object Methods

 Generic Classes and Parameterized Types

 Generic Methods and Type Inference

 Lambda Expressions and Method References

 Java Modules - Java Package Aggregation

 Execution Threads and Multi-Threading Java Programs

 ThreadGroup Class and "system" ThreadGroup Tree

 Synchronization Technique and Synchronized Code Blocks

 Deadlock Condition Example Programs

 Garbage Collection and the gc() Method

 Assert Statements and -ea" Option

 Annotation Statements and Declarations

 Java Related Terminologies

 Archived Tutorials


 Full Version in PDF/EPUB