Installing Microsoft JDBC Driver for SQL Server

This section describes how to download and install Microsoft JDBC Driver 4.2 for SQL Server 2014.

If you want to access SQL Server database from Java applications, you need to install a JDBC driver that supports SQL Server. There are many software vendors offer such JDBC drivers.

Microsoft offers a free driver, JDBC Driver 1.0, which is JDBC 3.0 compliant. JDBC Driver 1.0 is a Type 4 JDBC driver using native-protocols.

The tutorial below shows you how to download and install the JDBC Driver 1.0 from Microsoft.

1. Go to Microsoft JDBC Drivers 4.2 (Preview), 4.1 and 4.0 for SQL Server.

2. Click the Download button.

3. Select sqljdbc_4.2.6225.100_enu.tar.gz.

4. Save the downloaded file, sqljdbc_4.2.6225.100_enu.tar.gz, to C:\temp directory.

5. Unzip and untar the downloaded file. You will see a new folder C:\temp\sqljdbc_4.2\enu. The JDBC driver .jar file, sqljdbc42.jar, is located under that folder.

6. Copy C:\temp\sqljdbc_4.2\enu\sqljdbc42.jar to C:\local\lib\sqljdbc42.jar. You are ready to use JDBC Driver 4.2 now.

5. You may also want to copy all other versions of the JDBC Driver JAR files to \local\lib in case you want try different JDBC API versions and JDK versions, see the table below for details.

The table below provides you the history of JDBC Driver versions and how are they related to JDBC API versions and JDK versions.

JDBC Driver   JAR File        JDBC API   JDK
Version       Name            Version    Version

1.0           sqljdbc.jar     2.0        1.5

2.0           sqljdbc.jar     3.0        1.5
2.0           sqljdbc4.jar    4.0        1.6

3.0           sqljdbc.jar     3.0        1.5
3.0           sqljdbc4.jar    4.0        1.6

4.0           sqljdbc.jar     3.0        1.5
4.0           sqljdbc4.jar    4.0        1.6

4.1           sqljdbc.jar     3.0        1.5
4.1           sqljdbc4.jar    4.0        1.6
4.1           sqljdbc41.jar   4.1        1.7
4.2           sqljdbc.jar     3.0        1.5
4.2           sqljdbc4.jar    4.0        1.6
4.2           sqljdbc41.jar   4.1        1.7
4.2           sqljdbc42.jar   4.2        1.8

Last update: 2015.

Table of Contents

 About This Book

 JDBC (Java Database Connectivity) Introduction

 JDK (Java SE) Installation

 Installing and Running Java DB - Derby

 Derby (Java DB) JDBC Driver

 Derby (Java DB) JDBC DataSource Objects

 Java DB (Derby) - DML Statements

 Java DB (Derby) - ResultSet Objects of Queries

 Java DB (Derby) - PreparedStatement

 MySQL Installation on Windows

 MySQL JDBC Driver (MySQL Connector/J)

 MySQL - PreparedStatement

 MySQL - Reference Implementation of JdbcRowSet

 MySQL - JBDC CallableStatement

 MySQL CLOB (Character Large Object) - TEXT

 MySQL BLOB (Binary Large Object) - BLOB

 Oracle Express Edition Installation on Windows

 Oracle JDBC Drivers

 Oracle - Reference Implementation of JdbcRowSet

 Oracle - PreparedStatement

 Oracle - JBDC CallableStatement

 Oracle CLOB (Character Large Object) - TEXT

 Oracle BLOB (Binary Large Object) - BLOB

 Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Express Edition

Microsoft JDBC Driver for SQL Server - sqljdbc42.jar

Installing Microsoft JDBC Driver for SQL Server

 Loading Driver Class Automatically

 Loading Driver Class with Class.forName()

 DriverManager.getConnection() and Connection URL

 Enabling TCP/IP with SQL Server Configuration Manager

 Specifying Port Number in Connection URL

 Instance Name Better than Port Number

 Specifying Instance Name in Connection URL

 Closing the Database Connection - con.close()

 Specifying Database Name in Connection URL

 Incorrect Database Name in Connection URL

 Creating Connections with DataSource Class

 Microsoft JDBC Driver - Query Statements and Result Sets

 Microsoft JDBC Driver - DatabaseMetaData Object

 Microsoft JDBC Driver - DDL Statements

 Microsoft JDBC Driver - DML Statements

 SQL Server - PreparedStatement

 SQL Server CLOB (Character Large Object) - TEXT

 SQL Server BLOB (Binary Large Object) - BLOB

 JDBC-ODBC Bridge Driver - sun.jdbc.odbc.JdbcOdbcDriver

 JDBC-ODBC Bridge Driver - Flat Text Files

 JDBC-ODBC Bridge Driver - MS Access

 JDBC-ODBC Bridge Driver - MS SQL Server

 Summary of JDBC Drivers and Database Servers

 Additional Tutorial Notes to Be Added

 Outdated Tutorials


 PDF Printing Version