JceSecretCipher.java - Secret Key Encryption Sample Program

This section provides a tutorial example on how to write a secret key encryption and description program using the javax.crypto.Cipher class.

The following sample program shows you how to do encryption and decryption with a secret key using the javax.crypto.Cipher class:

/* JceSecretCipher.java
 * Copyright (c) HerongYang.com. All Rights Reserved.
import java.io.*;
import java.security.spec.*;
import javax.crypto.*;
import javax.crypto.spec.*;
class JceSecretCipher {
   public static void main(String[] a) {
      if (a.length<5) {
         System.out.println("java JceSecretCipher algorithm mode"
            +" keyFile input output");
      String algorithm = a[0];
      String mode = a[1];
      String keyFile = a[2];
      String input = a[3];
      String output = a[4];
      try {
         SecretKey ky = readKey(keyFile,algorithm);
         secretCipher(algorithm, mode, ky, input, output);
      } catch (Exception e) {
         System.out.println("Exception: "+e);
   private static SecretKey readKey(String input, String algorithm) 
      throws Exception {
      String fl = input;
      FileInputStream fis = new FileInputStream(fl);
      int kl = fis.available();
      byte[] kb = new byte[kl];
      KeySpec ks = null;
      SecretKey ky = null;
      SecretKeyFactory kf = null;
      if (algorithm.equalsIgnoreCase("DES")) {
      	 ks = new DESKeySpec(kb);
         kf = SecretKeyFactory.getInstance("DES");
         ky = kf.generateSecret(ks);
      } else if (algorithm.equalsIgnoreCase("DESede")) {
      	 ks = new DESedeKeySpec(kb);
         kf = SecretKeyFactory.getInstance("DESede");
         ky = kf.generateSecret(ks);
      } else {
         ks = new SecretKeySpec(kb,algorithm);
         ky = new SecretKeySpec(kb,algorithm);
      System.out.println("KeySpec Object Info: ");
      System.out.println("Saved File = "+fl);
      System.out.println("Length = "+kb.length);
      System.out.println("toString = "+ks.toString());
      System.out.println("SecretKey Object Info: ");
      System.out.println("Algorithm = "+ky.getAlgorithm());
      System.out.println("toString = "+ky.toString());
      return ky;
   private static void secretCipher(String algorithm, String mode,
      SecretKey ky, String input, String output) throws Exception {
      Cipher cf = Cipher.getInstance(algorithm);
      if (mode.equalsIgnoreCase("encrypt")) 
      else if (mode.equalsIgnoreCase("decrypt"))
         throw new Exception("Invalid mode: "+mode);
      System.out.println("Cipher Object Info: ");
      System.out.println("Block Size = "+cf.getBlockSize());
      System.out.println("Algorithm = "+cf.getAlgorithm());
      System.out.println("Provider = "+cf.getProvider());
      System.out.println("toString = "+cf.toString());

      FileInputStream fis = new FileInputStream(input);
      FileOutputStream fos = new FileOutputStream(output);
      int bufSize = 1024;
      byte[] buf = new byte[bufSize];
      int n = fis.read(buf,0,bufSize);
      int fisSize = 0;
      int fosSize = 0;
      while (n!=-1) {
         fisSize += n;
         byte[] out = cf.update(buf,0,n);
         fosSize += out.length;
         n = fis.read(buf,0,bufSize);
      byte[] out = cf.doFinal();
      fosSize += out.length;
      System.out.println("Cipher Process Info: ");
      System.out.println("Input Size = "+fisSize);
      System.out.println("Output Size = "+fosSize);

Note that:

See the next section for test result of this sample program.

Table of Contents

 About This Book

 Cryptography Terminology

 Cryptography Basic Concepts

 Introduction to AES (Advanced Encryption Standard)

 Introduction to DES Algorithm

 DES Algorithm - Illustrated with Java Programs

 DES Algorithm Java Implementation

 DES Algorithm - Java Implementation in JDK JCE

 DES Encryption Operation Modes

 DES in Stream Cipher Modes

 PHP Implementation of DES - mcrypt

 Blowfish - 8-Byte Block Cipher

 Secret Key Generation and Management

Cipher - Secret Key Encryption and Decryption

 javax.crypto.Cipher - The Secret Key Encryption Class

JceSecretCipher.java - Secret Key Encryption Sample Program

 Blowfish Secret Key Encryption Tests

 Introduction of RSA Algorithm

 RSA Implementation using java.math.BigInteger Class

 Introduction of DSA (Digital Signature Algorithm)

 Java Default Implementation of DSA

 Private key and Public Key Pair Generation

 PKCS#8/X.509 Private/Public Encoding Standards

 Cipher - Public Key Encryption and Decryption

 MD5 Mesasge Digest Algorithm

 SHA1 Mesasge Digest Algorithm

 OpenSSL Introduction and Installation

 OpenSSL Generating and Managing RSA Keys

 OpenSSL Managing Certificates

 OpenSSL Generating and Signing CSR

 OpenSSL Validating Certificate Path

 "keytool" and "keystore" from JDK

 "OpenSSL" Signing CSR Generated by "keytool"

 Migrating Keys from "keystore" to "OpenSSL" Key Files

 Certificate X.509 Standard and DER/PEM Formats

 Migrating Keys from "OpenSSL" Key Files to "keystore"

 Using Certificates in IE

 Using Certificates in Google Chrome

 Using Certificates in Firefox

 Outdated Tutorials


 Full Version in PDF/EPUB