Unicode Tutorials - Herong's Tutorial Examples - Version 5.21, by Dr. Herong Yang
This section provides a quick introduction of the UTF-32LE (Unicode Transformation Format - 32-bit Big Endian) encoding for Unicode character set.
UTF-32LE: A character encoding schema that maps code points of Unicode character set to a sequence of 4 bytes (32 bites). UTF-32LE stands for Unicode Transformation Format - 32-bit Little Endian.
Here is my understanding of the UTF-32LE specification. When UTF-32LE encoding is used to encode (serialize) Unicode characters into a byte stream for communication or storage, the code point of each character will be converted as a 32-bit integer into 4 bytes with the least significant byte first.
For example, these 3 Unicode characters, U+004D, U+0061 and U+10000 will be converted into 0x4D0000006100000000000100 when UTF-32LE is used.
When UTF-32LE encoding is used to decode (deserialize) a byte stream into Unicode characters, the entire stream will be divided into blocks of 4 bytes. Each block is converted to a 32-bit integer to represent a Unicode code point assuming the least significant byte first.
Note that the use of BOM (Byte Order Mark) is not part of the UTF-32LE specification. So you should:
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