Visiting a "https" Web Site with Firefox

This section describes how Firefox 18 shows a lock icon when you visit an 'https' Web site to provide you more security related information.

As we learned in the previous chapter, if a Web site wants to encrypt communication messages with your browser, it will enable the SSL protocol and use "https" as part of their Web address.

If you go to a Web site that provides online services, I am sure that you will see "https" in the Web address field starting on the log in page. This indicates that Web site uses SSL protocol to encrypt all information you send and receive on this server.

If you are using Firefox 18, it will display an extra lock icon in front of the Web address field when you are visiting a "https" Web site. The picture below shows the "https" Web address and the lock icon when you use Firefox 18 to visit the Facebook log in page: "":
Firefox Lock Icon on https Address

If you click the lock icon, Firefox will provide you a summary of security related information about this Web site. For Web site, you will get something like:

You are connected to "" which is run by (unknown)
Verified by: VeriSign Trust Network
Your connection to this website is encrypted to prevent eavesdropping.
[More Information...]

More security related information will be provided if you click the "More Information" button. See next sections.

Last update: 2013.

Table of Contents

 About This Book

 Cryptography Terminology

 Cryptography Basic Concepts

 Introduction to AES (Advanced Encryption Standard)

 Introduction to DES Algorithm

 DES Algorithm - Illustrated with Java Programs

 DES Algorithm Java Implementation

 DES Algorithm - Java Implementation in JDK JCE

 DES Encryption Operation Modes

 DES in Stream Cipher Modes

 PHP Implementation of DES - mcrypt

 Blowfish - 8-Byte Block Cipher

 Secret Key Generation and Management

 Cipher - Secret Key Encryption and Decryption

 Introduction of RSA Algorithm

 RSA Implementation using java.math.BigInteger Class

 Introduction of DSA (Digital Signature Algorithm)

 Java Default Implementation of DSA

 Private key and Public Key Pair Generation

 PKCS#8/X.509 Private/Public Encoding Standards

 Cipher - Public Key Encryption and Decryption

 MD5 Mesasge Digest Algorithm

 SHA1 Mesasge Digest Algorithm

 OpenSSL Introduction and Installation

 OpenSSL Generating and Managing RSA Keys

 OpenSSL Managing Certificates

 OpenSSL Generating and Signing CSR

 OpenSSL Validating Certificate Path

 "keytool" and "keystore" from JDK

 "OpenSSL" Signing CSR Generated by "keytool"

 Migrating Keys from "keystore" to "OpenSSL" Key Files

 Certificate X.509 Standard and DER/PEM Formats

 Migrating Keys from "OpenSSL" Key Files to "keystore"

 Using Certificates in IE (Internet Explorer)

Using Certificates in Firefox

Visiting a "https" Web Site with Firefox

 Viewing Certificate Details

 Managing Certificates in Certificate Stores

 Exporting Certificates Out of Firefox

 OpenSSL Viewing Certificates Exported from Firefox

 Importing CA Certificate into Firefox

 Importing Certificate Path into Firefox

 Using Certificates in Google Chrome

 Outdated Tutorials


 PDF Printing Version