WWW and First Web Server
This section provides a quick introduction of WWW (World Wide Web) and the first Web server developed by Tim Berners-Lee in 1991.
WWW (World Wide Web, the Web) is an information network where users can view multi-media information with hyper links to click and view additional information.
WWW was developed by Tim Berners-Lee at CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) in 1991.
Main elements of WWW are:
- HTTP (HyperText Transfer Protocol) - A communication protocol to allow Web browsers to send requests and Web servers
to return responses with HTML documents and other types of data.
- Web Server - A communication server program listening for incoming HTTP requests and returning HTML documents and other types of data.
- Web Browser - A communication client and HTML display program sending HTTP requests to Web servers
and displaying received HTML documents to end users.
- HTML (HyperText Markup Language) - A markup language that organize information and hyper links with embedded tags.
- URL (Uniform Resource Locator, previously Universal Resource Locator) - An identification protocol to allow every document
on the Web to be uniquely identified by an address string.
- Hyper Link - An anchor in Web document that links to the URL of another document on the Web.
When users click the anchor, the Web browser will automatically retrieve and display the other document.
The world's first Web page was published at this URL: http://nxoc01.cern.ch/hypertext/WWW/TheProject.html
by Tim Berners-Lee on August 6, 1991.
Here is a picture of the NeXTcube computer used by Tim Berners-Lee to build the first Web server at CERN
Table of Contents
About This Book
1957 - FORTRAN Language Developed by IBM
1970 - UNIX Operating System Developed by AT&T Bell Labs
1971 - FTP Protocol Created by Abhay Bhushan
1972 - C Language Developed by Dennis Ritchie
1976 - vi Text Editor Developed by Bill Joy
1977 - Apple II Designed by Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak
1977 - The Bourne Shell Developed by Stephen Bourne
1978 - The C Shell Developed by Bill Joy
1978 - Bash (Bourne-Again Shell) Developed by Brian Fox
1979 - The Tcsh (TENEX C Shell) Developed by Ken Greer
1983 - "Sendmail" Mail Transfer Agent Developed by Eric Allman
1984 - Macintosh Developed by Apple Inc.
1984 - X Window System Developed a MIT Team
►1991 - WWW (World Wide Web) Developed by Tim Berners-Lee
►WWW and First Web Server
Tim Berners-Lee - Father of the Web
Mosaic - The Browser Popularized the Web
Netscape Navigator - The Most Popular Web Browser in 1990s
Internet Explorer - The Most Popular Web Browser since 1999
Mozilla Firefox - The Most Popular Open Source Web Browser
1991 - Gopher Protocol Created by a University of Minnesota Team
1995 - Java Language Developed by Sun Microsystems
1995 - PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor Created by Rasmus Lerdorf
2002 - .NET Framework Developed by Microsoft
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