Computer History - Herong's Notes
Dr. Herong Yang, Version 3.00

Macintosh - The First GUI Based Personal Computer

This section provides a quick introduction of the original Macintosh, the first commercial personal computer with GUI (Graphical User Interface) developed by Apple Inc. in 1984.

Macintosh, developed by Apple Inc. in 1984, was the first commercial personal computer with a GUI (Graphical User Interface). Macintosh originally sold for US$2,495.

Here is a picture of the Macintosh design team, George Crow, Joanna Hoffman, Burrell Smith, Andy Hertzfeld, Bill Atkinson and Jerry Mannock (Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/):
Apple II in 1977

Main features of the original Macintosh:

  • CPU - Motorola MC68000 at 8 MHz.
  • RAM - 128K.
  • Operating System - System Software (renamed to Mac OS in 1997).
  • Display Monitor - Built-in 9 inch monitor with 512x342 dots.
  • Storage - Floppy Drive: 3.5" with 400 KB.

Table of Contents

 About This Book

 1957 - FORTRAN Language Developed by IBM

 1970 - UNIX Operating System Developed by AT&T Bell Labs

 1971 - FTP Protocol Created by Abhay Bhushan

 1972 - C Language Developed by Dennis Ritchie

 1976 - vi Text Editor Developed by Bill Joy

 1977 - Apple II Designed by Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak

 1977 - The Bourne Shell Developed by Stephen Bourne

 1978 - The C Shell Developed by Bill Joy

 1978 - Bash (Bourne-Again Shell) Developed by Brian Fox

 1979 - The Tcsh (TENEX C Shell) Developed by Ken Greer

 1983 - "Sendmail" Mail Transfer Agent Developed by Eric Allman

1984 - Macintosh Developed by Apple Inc.

Macintosh - The First GUI Based Personal Computer

 System Software - The Original Mac OS Operating System

 Macintosh Models and Release Years

 1984 - X Window System Developed a MIT Team

 1991 - WWW (World Wide Web) Developed by Tim Berners-Lee

 1991 - Gopher Protocol Created by a University of Minnesota Team

 1995 - Java Language Developed by Sun Microsystems

 1995 - PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor Created by Rasmus Lerdorf

 2002 - .NET Framework Developed by Microsoft

 References

 Printable Copy - PDF Version

Dr. Herong Yang, updated in 2012
Macintosh - The First GUI Based Personal Computer