What Is FTP

This section provides a quick introduction of FTP (File Transfer Protocol) to transfer files between remotely connected computers.

What Is FTP? - FTP is a network protocol that allows files to be transferred between remote computers of different operating systems reliably and efficiently. The first version of FTP was created by Abhay Bhushan in 1971 as a RFC (Request For Comments) document: RFC 114 - A File Transfer Protocol.

In RFC 114, several request transactions are defined: Identify, Retrieve, Store, Append, Delete, Rename, Addname, Deletename, Lookup, Open, Close, and Execute.

The first major revision of FTP was presented in RFC 354 in 1972 by Abhay Bhushan. This established 4 objectives of FTP:

Early versions of FTP are based on the NCP (Network Control Protocol) communication protocol.

The first version of FTP based on the modern TCP/IP communication protocol was presented in RFC 765 by Jon Postel in 1980.

The last major revision of FTP was presented in RFC 959 by Jon Postel and Joyce Reynolds in 1985.

The picture below shows the top part of RFC 114 - A File Transfer Protocol:

RFC 114 - A File Transfer Protocol by Abhay Bhushan
RFC 114 - A File Transfer Protocol by Abhay Bhushan

Table of Contents

 About This Book

 2002 - .NET Framework Developed by Microsoft

 1995 - PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor Created by Rasmus Lerdorf

 1995 - Java Language Developed by Sun Microsystems

 1991 - WWW (World Wide Web) Developed by Tim Berners-Lee

 1991 - Gopher Protocol Created by a University of Minnesota Team

 1984 - X Window System Developed a MIT Team

 1984 - Macintosh Developed by Apple Inc.

 1983 - "Sendmail" Mail Transfer Agent Developed by Eric Allman

 1979 - The Tcsh (TENEX C Shell) Developed by Ken Greer

 1978 - Bash (Bourne-Again Shell) Developed by Brian Fox

 1978 - The C Shell Developed by Bill Joy

 1977 - The Bourne Shell Developed by Stephen Bourne

 1977 - Apple II Designed by Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak

 1976 - vi Text Editor Developed by Bill Joy

 1974 - Internet by Vinton Cerf

 1972 - C Language Developed by Dennis Ritchie

1971 - FTP Protocol Created by Abhay Bhushan

What Is FTP

 Example of Downloading Files

 Example of Uploading Files

 Anonymous FTP Servers

 FTP Client Program Standard Commands

 1970 - UNIX Operating System Developed by AT&T Bell Labs

 1957 - FORTRAN Language Developed by IBM


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