What Is the Bourne Shell?

This section provides a quick introduction of the Bourne shell that became the default shell on Unix systems.

The Bourne shell is a Unix shell introduced by Stephen Bourne in 1977. The Bourne shell replaced the Thompson shell and became the default shell of Unix systems.

The Bourne shell has the following main features:

The picture below shows the paper on the Bourne shell written by S. R. Bourne: "An Introduction to the Unix shell"
An Introduction to the Unix shell by S. R. Bourne

Table of Contents

 About This Book

 1957 - FORTRAN Language Developed by IBM

 1970 - UNIX Operating System Developed by AT&T Bell Labs

 1971 - FTP Protocol Created by Abhay Bhushan

 1972 - C Language Developed by Dennis Ritchie

 1976 - vi Text Editor Developed by Bill Joy

 1977 - Apple II Designed by Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak

1977 - The Bourne Shell Developed by Stephen Bourne

What Is the Bourne Shell?

 Bourne Shell Command Line Examples

 Bourne Shell Script File Examples

 1978 - The C Shell Developed by Bill Joy

 1978 - Bash (Bourne-Again Shell) Developed by Brian Fox

 1979 - The Tcsh (TENEX C Shell) Developed by Ken Greer

 1983 - "Sendmail" Mail Transfer Agent Developed by Eric Allman

 1984 - Macintosh Developed by Apple Inc.

 1984 - X Window System Developed a MIT Team

 1991 - WWW (World Wide Web) Developed by Tim Berners-Lee

 1991 - Gopher Protocol Created by a University of Minnesota Team

 1995 - Java Language Developed by Sun Microsystems

 1995 - PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor Created by Rasmus Lerdorf

 2002 - .NET Framework Developed by Microsoft


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