What Is an Object

This section describes what is an object - a data entity that is created as an instance of a class. Objects are created with the 'new' operator.

What Is an Object? An object is a data entity that is created as an instance of a class.

In PHP, an object is created with the "new" operator, which returns an identifier to the object. For example, the following statement create an object of the "HelloClass" class and assigned the identifier of the object to variable $h:

   $h = new HelloClass();

In order to retrieve a property value or invoke an operation of object, we need to use the "->" operator attached to the object identifier. For example, the following statement invokes the "show()" operation on the object identified by "$h":


Here is a complete PHP script that defines a class, creates an object and invoke an operation on the object:

/* HelloClassDemo.php
#- Copyright (c) HerongYang.com. All Rights Reserved.

class HelloClass {
   public function show() {
      echo "Hello world!\n";

   $h = new HelloClass();

If you run the above tutorial example, you will get:

C:\herong> \php\php HelloClassDemo.php

Hello world!

Table of Contents

 About This Book

 Introduction and Installation of PHP 7.3

 PHP Script File Syntax

 PHP Data Types and Data Literals

 Variables, References, and Constants

 Expressions, Operations and Type Conversions

 Conditional Statements - "if" and "switch"

 Loop Statements - "while", "for", and "do ... while"

 Function Declaration, Arguments, and Return Values

 Arrays - Ordered Maps

 Interface with Operating System

Introduction of Class and Object

 What Is a Class

What Is an Object

 What Is a Constructor

 What Is a Static Method

 What Is a Static Variable

 What Is a Superclass and a Subclass

 What Is an Abstract Class

 What Is an Abstract Method

 What Is an Interface

 What Is a Trait

 What Is an Overloaded Property

 What Is an Overloaded Method

 What Is Object Property Iteration

 What Is Object Cloning

 What Is Object Serialization

 What Is in an Object Variable

 Updating Variables Who Share an Object

 Passing Objects as Function Arguments

 Integrating PHP with Apache Web Server

 Retrieving Information from HTTP Requests

 Creating and Managing Sessions in PHP Scripts

 Sending and Receiving Cookies in PHP Scripts

 Controlling HTTP Response Header Lines in PHP Scripts

 Managing File Upload

 MySQL Server Connection and Access Functions

 Functions to Manage Directories, Files and Images

 SOAP Extension Function and Calling Web Services

 SOAP Server Functions and Examples

 Localization Overview of Web Applications

 Using Non-ASCII Characters in HTML Documents

 Using Non-ASCII Characters as PHP Script String Literals

 Receiving Non-ASCII Characters from Input Forms

 "mbstring" Extension and Non-ASCII Encoding Management

 Managing Non-ASCII Character Strings with MySQL Servers

 Parsing and Managing HTML Documents

 Configuring and Sending out Emails

 Image and Picture Processing

 Managing ZIP Archive Files

 Managing PHP Engine and Modules on macOS

 Managing PHP Engine and Modules on CentOS

 Outdated Tutorials


 Full Version in PDF/EPUB