"INSERT INTO" Statements

This section describes how to insert data rows with INSERT INTO statements.

INSERT statements are used very often by database applications to insert data rows into tables. The syntax of INSERT statements is very simple. You need to provide a list of column names and a list of values for those columns. There are a couple of simple rules about INSERT statements:

INSERT statements should be executed with the executeUpdate() method. Here is a simple program that insert a single row into my table Herong.Profile:

/* InsertRows.java
 * Copyright (c) HerongYang.com. All Rights Reserved.
import java.sql.*;
public class InsertRows {
  public static void main(String [] args) {
    Connection con = null;
    try {

      con = DriverManager.getConnection(
        + "user=herong;password=T0pSecret;"
        + "database=AdventureWorks2019");

      Statement sta = con.createStatement();

// insert a single row
      int count = sta.executeUpdate(
        "INSERT INTO Herong.Customer"
        + " (BusinessEntityID, FirstName, LastName, ModifiedDate)"
        + " VALUES (1000, 'Herong', 'Yang', '2007-04-01')");
      System.out.println("Number of rows inserted: "+count);

// getting the data back
      ResultSet res = sta.executeQuery(
        "SELECT * FROM Herong.Customer");
      System.out.println("List of Customers: ");
      while (res.next()) {
           "  "+res.getString("Title")
           + ", "+res.getString("FirstName")
           + ", "+res.getString("LastName")
           + ", "+res.getDate("ModifiedDate"));

    } catch (Exception e) {

The output confirms that the insert statement was executed correctly:

herong> java -cp .;mssql-jdbc-9.4.1.jre16.jar InsertRows

Number of rows inserted: 1
List of Customers:
  null, Ken, Sánchez, 2009-01-07
  null, Terri, Duffy, 2008-01-24
  null, Roberto, Tamburello, 2007-11-04
  null, Rob, Walters, 2007-11-28
  Ms., Gail, Erickson, 2007-12-30
  Mr., Jossef, Goldberg, 2013-12-16
  null, Dylan, Miller, 2009-02-01
  null, Diane, Margheim, 2008-12-22
  null, Gigi, Matthew, 2009-01-09
  null, Michael, Raheem, 2009-04-26
  null, Herong, Yang, 2007-04-01

Table of Contents

 About This Book

 JDBC (Java Database Connectivity) Introduction

 JDK (Java SE) Installation

 Microsoft SQL Server Express Edition

 Microsoft JDBC Driver for SQL Server

 Microsoft JDBC Driver - Query Statements and Result Sets

 Microsoft JDBC Driver - DatabaseMetaData Object

 Microsoft JDBC Driver - DDL Statements

Microsoft JDBC Driver - DML Statements

 "SELECT ... INTO" Statements

"INSERT INTO" Statements

 "INSERT INTO" Statements with INDENTITY Columns

 "UPDATE" Statements

 "DELETE FROM" Statements

 SQL Server - PreparedStatement

 SQL Server CLOB (Character Large Object) - TEXT

 SQL Server BLOB (Binary Large Object) - BLOB

 JDBC-ODBC Bridge Driver - sun.jdbc.odbc.JdbcOdbcDriver

 JDBC-ODBC Bridge Driver - Flat Text Files

 JDBC-ODBC Bridge Driver - MS Access

 JDBC-ODBC Bridge Driver - MS SQL Server

 Archived Tutorials


 Full Version in PDF/EPUB