document/literal Example - Guest Registration

This section provides a tutorial example on writing a WSDL 1.1 example that uses SOAP 1.2 over HTTP with document/literal as the message style and the encoding option.

"document/literal" is the popular combination of message style and encoding option for most generic Web services. So let's write the first example with:

In this WSDL example, I want to send a SOAP request to register a list of guests. And I expect the server to return back a list of confirmations. So I wrote this WSDL document, Registration_WSDL_11_SOAP_12_Document.wsdl:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<wsdl:definitions xmlns:wsdl="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/"
  xmlns:soap12="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/soap12/"
  xmlns:hy="http://www.herongyang.com/Service/"
  targetNamespace="http://www.herongyang.com/Service/">

  <wsdl:documentation>
    Registration_WSDL_11_SOAP_12_Document.wsdl
    Copyright (c) 2007 by Dr. Herong Yang, herongyang.com
    All rights reserved
  </wsdl:documentation>

  <wsdl:types>
    <xsd:schema xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
      targetNamespace="http://www.herongyang.com/Service/">
      <xsd:element name="RegistrationRequest">
        <xsd:complexType>
          <xsd:complexContent mixed="true">
            <xsd:restriction base="xsd:anyType">
              <xsd:sequence>
                <xsd:element name="Guest" type="xsd:string"
                  maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
              </xsd:sequence>
              <xsd:attribute name="date" type="xsd:date"/>
              <xsd:attribute name="event" type="xsd:string"/>
            </xsd:restriction>
          </xsd:complexContent>
        </xsd:complexType>
      </xsd:element>
      <xsd:element name="RegistrationResponse">
        <xsd:complexType>
          <xsd:sequence>
            <xsd:element name="Confirmation" maxOccurs="unbounded">
              <xsd:complexType>
                <xsd:complexContent>
                  <xsd:restriction base="xsd:anyType">
                    <xsd:attribute name="guest" type="xsd:string"/>
                    <xsd:attribute name="event" type="xsd:string"/>
                  </xsd:restriction>
                </xsd:complexContent>
              </xsd:complexType>
            </xsd:element>
          </xsd:sequence>
        </xsd:complexType>
      </xsd:element>
    </xsd:schema>
  </wsdl:types>

  <wsdl:message name="registrationInputMessage">
    <wsdl:part name="registrationInputPart"
      element="hy:RegistrationRequest"/>
  </wsdl:message>
  <wsdl:message name="registrationOutputMessage">
    <wsdl:part name="registrationOutputPart"
      element="hy:RegistrationResponse"/>
  </wsdl:message>

  <wsdl:portType name="registrationPortType">
    <wsdl:operation name="Registration">
      <wsdl:input name="registrationInput"
        message="hy:registrationInputMessage"/>
      <wsdl:output name="registrationOutput"
        message="hy:registrationOutputMessage"/>
    </wsdl:operation>
  </wsdl:portType>

  <wsdl:binding name="registrationBinding"
    type="hy:registrationPortType">
    <soap12:binding transport="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/http"/>
    <wsdl:operation name="Registration">
      <soap12:operation style="document" soapActionRequired="false"/>
      <wsdl:input name="registrationInput">
        <soap12:body use="literal"/>
      </wsdl:input>
      <wsdl:output name="registrationOutput">
        <soap12:body use="literal"/>
      </wsdl:output>
    </wsdl:operation>
  </wsdl:binding>

  <wsdl:service name="registrationService">
    <wsdl:port name="registrationPort"
      binding="hy:registrationBinding">
      <soap12:address location=
        "http://www.herongyang.com/Service/Registration12.php"/>
    </wsdl:port>
  </wsdl:service>

</wsdl:definitions>

See the next tutorial for testing requests and responses.

Last update: 2007.

Table of Contents

 About This Book

 Introduction to WSDL 2.0

 WSDL 2.0 Document Structure and Syntax

 WSDL Version 2.0 Part 2: Adjuncts

 WSDL 2.0 Document Examples with SOAP Binding

 Using WSDL Document in Java Apache Axis2/Java for WSDL

 Apache Woden for WSDL Documents in Java

 SoapUI - Web Service Testing Tool

 PHP SOAP Extension for WSDL

 Perl SOAP::Lite for WSDL

 Introduction to WSDL 1.1

 WSDL 1.1 Document Structure and Syntax

 WSDL 1.1 Binding Extension for SOAP 1.1

 SoapUI as WSDL 1.1 Testing Tool

 WSDL 1.1 and SOAP 1.1 Examples - Document and RPC Styles

 PHP SOAP Extension for WSDL 1.1

 Perl SOAP::Lite for WSDL 1.1

 Apache Axis2/Java for WSDL 1.1

 Using WSDL2Java to Generate Web Service Stub Classes

 WSDL 1.1 Binding Extension for SOAP 1.2

WSDL 1.1 and SOAP 1.2 Examples - Document and RPC Styles

 SOAP 1.2 Message Styles and Encoding Options

document/literal Example - Guest Registration

 Request and Response - Guest Registration

 rpc/encoded Example - Get Exchange Rate

 Request and Response - Get Exchange Rate

 SOAP Body and Operation Name - Book Reservation

 Request and Response - Book Reservation

 elementFormDefault="qualified" - Refill Order

 Request and Response - Refill Order

 SOAP 1.2 Binding - PHP, Java and Perl Clients

 WSDL Related Terminologies

 Outdated Tutorials

 References

 Full Version in PDF/EPUB