SOAP Body and Operation Name - Book Reservation

This section provides a tutorial example on writing a WSDL 1.1 example that uses SOAP 1.1 over HTTP with style='document' and operation name as the first level element name in SOAP Body to help RPC method based client API like SOAP::Lite.

According the specification, if style="document" is used, there is no restriction on how you are going to define the structure of the SOAP Body element.

However, some RPC method based client API, like SOAP::Lite, may require you to use the operation name as the first level sub element name of the SOAP Body.

To help testing SOAP::Lite, I wrote the third example with:

In this WSDL example, I want to send a SOAP request to reserve a list of books in a library. And I expect the server to return the status of my reservation. So I wrote this WSDL document, Reservation_WSDL_11_SOAP_11_Document.wsdl:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<wsdl:definitions xmlns:wsdl=""

    Copyright (c) 2007 by Dr. Herong Yang,
    All rights reserved

    <xsd:schema xmlns:xsd=""
      <xsd:element name="Reservation">
          <xsd:complexContent mixed="true">
            <xsd:restriction base="xsd:anyType">
            <xsd:element name="Member" type="xsd:string"/>
            <xsd:element name="ItemList">
                  <xsd:element name="Item" type="xsd:string"

      <xsd:element name="ReservationResponse">
          <xsd:complexContent mixed="true">
            <xsd:restriction base="xsd:anyType">

            <xsd:element name="Number" type="xsd:string"/>
            <xsd:element name="Status" type="xsd:string"/>


  <wsdl:message name="reservationInputMessage">
    <wsdl:part name="reservationInputPart"
  <wsdl:message name="reservationOutputMessage">
    <wsdl:part name="reservationOutputPart"

  <wsdl:portType name="reservationPortType">
    <wsdl:operation name="Reservation">
      <wsdl:input name="reservationInput"
      <wsdl:output name="reservationOutput"

  <wsdl:binding name="reservationBinding"
    <soap:binding transport=""/>
    <wsdl:operation name="Reservation">
      <soap:operation style="document"
      <wsdl:input name="reservationInput">
        <soap:body use="literal"/>
      <wsdl:output name="reservationOutput">
        <soap:body use="literal"/>

  <wsdl:service name="reservationService">
    <wsdl:port name="reservationPort"
      <soap:address location=


See next section for testing requests and responses.

Last update: 2007.

Table of Contents

 About This Book

 Introduction to WSDL 2.0

 WSDL 2.0 Document Structure and Syntax

 WSDL Version 2.0 Part 2: Adjuncts

 WSDL 2.0 Document Examples with SOAP Binding

 WSDL 20 Programming APIs and Testing Tools

 Introduction to WSDL 1.1

 WSDL 1.1 Document Structure and Syntax

 WSDL 1.1 Binding Extension for SOAP 1.1

 soapUI 3.0.1 - Web Service Testing Tool

WSDL 1.1 and SOAP 1.1 Examples - Document and RPC Styles

 SOAP 1.1 Message Styles and Encoding Options

 First Example - Hello

 Request and Response - Hello

 document/literal Example - Guest Registration

 Request and Response - Guest Registration

 rpc/encoded Example - Get Exchange Rate

 Request and Response - Get Exchange Rate

SOAP Body and Operation Name - Book Reservation

 Request and Response - Book Reservation

 elementFormDefault="qualified" - Refill Order

 Request and Response - Refill Order

 encodingStyle="uri" for use="encoded"

 Request and Response - Get Stock Price

 PHP SOAP Extension in PHP 5.3.1

 Using WSDL in Perl with SOAP::Lite 0.710

 Using WSDL Document in Java with Axis2 1.4.1

 Using WSDL2Java to Generate Web Service Stub Classes

 WSDL 1.1 Binding Extension for SOAP 1.2

 WSDL 1.1 and SOAP 1.2 Examples - Document and RPC Styles

 SOAP 1.2 Binding - PHP, Java and Perl Clients

 WSDL Related Terminologies


 PDF Printing Version