"OpenSSL" Acting as a CA (Certificate Authority)
This section provides a tutorial example on how to prepare OpenSSL to be used as CA (Certificate Authority) to sign other people's CSR (Certificate Signing Request).
If I want to act as a CA (Certificate Authority), I must have a tool
to sign other people's CSR (Certificate Signing Request). As we learned from
previous chapters, "keytool" can not sign CSR. So I must use "OpenSSL"
to act as a CA.
Here is a list of things I need to do with "OpenSSL" as a CA:
- Install "OpenSSL" installed properly and create configuration file, openssl.cnf.
- Created a CA private key file with 2048-bit keys, and protect it with a password.
- Self-sign my CA public key certificate, which can be given out to anyone.
Let's check the "OpenSSL" installation first. If "OpenSSL" was installed at \local\GnuWin32\,
the following command should report back the version number:
OpenSSL 0.9.7c 30 Sep 2003
To save typing time, I added \local\gnuwin32\bin\ to the PATH environment variable as shown above.
Then look at the configuration file, openssl.cnf, which is needed only when I self-signing my CA public certificate.
I can use the openssl.cnf as is without any changes. But if I want to put in my CA distinguished name information
to save time when self-signing my CA public certificate, I can add these settings to openssl.cnf:
countryName_default = CA
stateOrProvinceName_default = HY State
localityName_default = HY City
0.organizationName_default = HY Company
organizationalUnitName_default = HY Unit
commonName_default = Herong Yang
emailAddress_default = herongyang.com
So I am ready to generated my CA private key as described in the next section.
Table of Contents
About This Book
Cryptography Basic Concepts
Introduction to AES (Advanced Encryption Standard)
Introduction to DES Algorithm
DES Algorithm - Illustrated with Java Programs
DES Algorithm Java Implementation
DES Algorithm - Java Implementation in JDK JCE
DES Encryption Operation Modes
DES in Stream Cipher Modes
PHP Implementation of DES - mcrypt
Blowfish - 8-Byte Block Cipher
Secret Key Generation and Management
Cipher - Secret Key Encryption and Decryption
Introduction of RSA Algorithm
RSA Implementation using java.math.BigInteger Class
Introduction of DSA (Digital Signature Algorithm)
Java Default Implementation of DSA
Private key and Public Key Pair Generation
PKCS#8/X.509 Private/Public Encoding Standards
Cipher - Public Key Encryption and Decryption
MD5 Mesasge Digest Algorithm
SHA1 Mesasge Digest Algorithm
OpenSSL Introduction and Installation
OpenSSL Generating and Managing RSA Keys
OpenSSL Managing Certificates
OpenSSL Generating and Signing CSR
OpenSSL Validating Certificate Path
"keytool" and "keystore" from JDK
►"OpenSSL" Signing CSR Generated by "keytool"
►"OpenSSL" Acting as a CA (Certificate Authority)
"OpenSSL" Generating CA's Private Key
"OpenSSL" Self-Signing CA's Public Key
"keytool" Generating Maria's Private Key
"keytool" Generating Maria's CSR
"OpenSSL" Signing Maria's CSR
"OpenSSL" Managing Serial Numbers when Signing CSR
"keytool" Importing CA's Own Certificate
""keytool" Importing Maria's Certificate Signed by CA
Migrating Keys from "keystore" to "OpenSSL" Key Files
Certificate X.509 Standard and DER/PEM Formats
Migrating Keys from "OpenSSL" Key Files to "keystore"
Using Certificates in IE
Using Certificates in Google Chrome
Using Certificates in Firefox
Full Version in PDF/EPUB