Linux Tutorials - Herong's Tutorial Examples - v5.37, by Dr. Herong Yang
"pip/pip3" Python Package Manager
Provides a tutorial example on how to use 'pip/pip3' command to install and manage Python packages.
When you develop Python applications, you may need to install additional Python packages developed by third parties. The best tool to manage those third party packages is the "pip/pip3" command as demonstrated in this tutorial.
1. Show "pip3" command options to manage Python3 packages.
herong$ pip3 help Usage: pip <command> [options] Commands: install Install packages. download Download packages. uninstall Uninstall packages. freeze Output installed packages in requirements format. list List installed packages. show Show information about installed packages. check Verify installed packages have compatible dependencies. search Search PyPI for packages. wheel Build wheels from your requirements. hash Compute hashes of package archives. completion A helper command used for command completion. help Show help for commands. General Options: -h, --help Show help. --isolated Run pip in an isolated mode, ignoring environment variables and user configuration. -v, --verbose Give more output. Option is additive, and can be used up to 3 times. -V, --version Show version and exit. -q, --quiet Give less output. Option is additive, and can be used up to 3 times (corresponding to WARNING, ERROR, and CRITICAL logging levels). --log <path> Path to a verbose appending log.
2. Get a list of installed Python3 packages:
herong$ pip3 list asn1crypto (0.24.0) blivet (3.1.0) Brlapi (0.6.7) cffi (1.11.5) chardet (3.0.4) chrome-gnome-shell (0.0.0) configobj (5.0.6) coverage (4.5.1) cryptography (2.3) ...
3. Search for a package to handle JSON strings. I see a list of JSON packages. I am not sure which is better.
herong$ pip3 search json json-escape (1.0.0) - Json escape json-websocket (0.2.1582880480) - json-websocket json-dotenv (0.0.21) - json-dotenv mo-json (3.57.20089) - More JSON Tools! json-mindiff (0.1) - Minimize json diffs linaro-json (2.0.1) - JSON Schema Validator json-logging (1.0.6) - JSON Python Logging json-repository (0.2.0) - A simple json repository pygments-json (0.1) - Pygments JSON formatter pretty-json (1.2.0) - make pretty json ...
4. Sometimes, "pip3" command may fail due to network connection issue. Just try it again later.
herong$ pip3 search json Retrying (Retry(total=4, connect=None, read=None, redirect=None, ... ... Exception: Traceback (most recent call last): File "/usr/lib/python3.6/site-packages/pip/_vendor/urllib3/connection.py" ... OSError: [Errno 101] Network is unreachable
5. If you think your "pip3" command is outdated, you can use "pip3" to upgrade itself.
herong$ pip3 install --upgrade pip
6. Run "pip3" with the "python3 -m pip" command. This works because "pip" is actually a Python3 module.
herong$ python3 -m pip help Usage: /usr/bin/python3 -m pip <command> [options] ...
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