Chinese Laba Festival

Chinese Laba Congee or Porridge

The 8th day of the 12th lunar month is the Laba Festival (Chinese: 腊八节, 臘八節). The 12th lunar month is the last of month of the year and time for sending out the old year and preparing for the new year. So ancient Chinese people performs large ceremonies to report to their ancestors of their harvest of the past year.

The Chinese Laba Festival falls on the following dates in the Gregorian calendar:

Year 2011SundayJanuary 1, 2012Chinese Laba Festival
Year 2012SaturdayJanuary 19, 2013Chinese Laba Festival
Year 2013WednesdayJanuary 8, 2014Chinese Laba Festival
Year 2014TuesdayJanuary 27, 2015Chinese Laba Festival
Year 2015SundayJanuary 17, 2016Chinese Laba Festival
Year 2016ThursdayJanuary 5, 2017Chinese Laba Festival
Year 2017WednesdayJanuary 24, 2018Chinese Laba Festival
Year 2018SundayJanuary 13, 2019Chinese Laba Festival
Year 2019ThursdayJanuary 2, 2020Chinese Laba Festival
Year 2020WednesdayJanuary 20, 2021Chinese Laba Festival

Origin

Buddhist Temples Offering Laba Porridge Before the Qin Dynasty, Laba festival was a celebration of the harvest of the past at the end of calendar year with large ceremonies to worship ancestor.

After Buddhism spread to China during the first century AD, the Laba festival was also used as commemoration of Shakyamuni Buddha's enlightenment at the age of 35 on the same date, eighth of 12th lunar month (腊月八日).

Activities

The most important activaty on the Laba Festival is to eat Laba congee, or porridge, (腊八粥) which is made of mixed rice, beans, dried fruit, tofu, potato, meat and vegetables. Sometimes the congee is decorated with coloured sweets or dried fruits.

Buddhist temples held dharma assemblies and chanted prayers in honor of Shakyamuni Buddha to mark the day of Buddha’s Enlightenment. Buddhist temples also prepare Laba porridge and offer it to the devotees and visitors on that day.

Chinese Laba Garlic Another Laba food is Laba garlic (腊八蒜), which is a vinegar-preserved garlic. Its refined color is green and its taste is sour and slightly spicy. Laba garlic is particularly popular in northern China.

Other traditional activities on the Laba Festival include worshiping ancestors and gods.



Copyright © 2015 Dr. Herong Yang. All rights reserved.