Creating Connections with DataSource Class

This section describes how to create connection objects with the DataSource class.



It is recommended now that connection objects are created by the DataSource implementation class, com.mysql.cj.jdbc.MysqlDataSource (or com.mysql.jdbc.jdbc2.optional.MysqlDataSource for older versions of the MySQL JDBC driver). Here is a sample program that creates a connection object using the DataSource class:

/* MySqlDataSource.java
 * Copyright (c) HerongYang.com. All Rights Reserved.
 */
import java.sql.*;
import javax.sql.*;
public class MySqlDataSource {
  public static void main(String [] args) {
    Connection con = null;
    try {

// Setting up the DataSource object - newer version
      com.mysql.cj.jdbc.MysqlDataSource ds
        = new com.mysql.cj.jdbc.MysqlDataSource();

// Setting up the DataSource object - older version
      // com.mysql.jdbc.jdbc2.optional.MysqlDataSource ds
      //   = new com.mysql.jdbc.jdbc2.optional.MysqlDataSource();

      ds.setServerName("localhost");
      ds.setPortNumber(3306);
      ds.setDatabaseName("HerongDB");
      ds.setUser("Herong");
      ds.setPassword("TopSecret");

// Getting a connection object
      con = ds.getConnection();

// Getting database info
      DatabaseMetaData meta = con.getMetaData();
      System.out.println("Server name: "
        + meta.getDatabaseProductName());
      System.out.println("Server version: "
        + meta.getDatabaseProductVersion());

// Closing the connection
      con.close();
    } catch (Exception e) {
      System.err.println("Exception: "+e.getMessage());
    }
  }
}

The output confirms that I got a good connection. Remember to include the JDBC driver JAR file in the classpath for both compilation and execution:

herong> javac -cp .:mysql-connector-java-8.0.19.jar MySqlDataSource.java

herong> java -cp .:mysql-connector-java-8.0.19.jar MySqlDataSource
Server name: MySQL
Server version: 8.0.17



 

Table of Contents

 About This Book

 JDBC (Java Database Connectivity) Introduction

 JDK (Java SE) Installation

 Installing and Running Java DB - Derby

 Derby (Java DB) JDBC Driver

 Derby (Java DB) JDBC DataSource Objects

 Java DB (Derby) - DML Statements

 Java DB (Derby) - ResultSet Objects of Queries

 Java DB (Derby) - PreparedStatement

 MySQL Installation on Windows

MySQL JDBC Driver (MySQL Connector/J)

 MySQL Connector/J - Download and Installation

 Loading JDBC Driver for MySQL Server

 JDBC Driver Connection URL

Creating Connections with DataSource Class

 Getting Driver and Server Information

 Creating Tables with AUTO_INCREMENT Columns

 "INSERT INTO" Statements

 MySQL - PreparedStatement

 MySQL - Reference Implementation of JdbcRowSet

 MySQL - JBDC CallableStatement

 MySQL CLOB (Character Large Object) - TEXT

 MySQL BLOB (Binary Large Object) - BLOB

 Oracle Express Edition Installation on Windows

 Oracle JDBC Drivers

 Oracle - Reference Implementation of JdbcRowSet

 Oracle - PreparedStatement

 Oracle - JBDC CallableStatement

 Oracle CLOB (Character Large Object) - TEXT

 Oracle BLOB (Binary Large Object) - BLOB

 Microsoft SQL Server Express Edition

 Microsoft JDBC Driver for SQL Server

 Microsoft JDBC Driver - Query Statements and Result Sets

 Microsoft JDBC Driver - DatabaseMetaData Object

 Microsoft JDBC Driver - DDL Statements

 Microsoft JDBC Driver - DML Statements

 SQL Server - PreparedStatement

 SQL Server CLOB (Character Large Object) - TEXT

 SQL Server BLOB (Binary Large Object) - BLOB

 JDBC-ODBC Bridge Driver - sun.jdbc.odbc.JdbcOdbcDriver

 JDBC-ODBC Bridge Driver - Flat Text Files

 JDBC-ODBC Bridge Driver - MS Access

 JDBC-ODBC Bridge Driver - MS SQL Server

 Summary of JDBC Drivers and Database Servers

 Additional Tutorial Notes to Be Added

 Outdated Tutorials

 References

 Full Version in PDF/EPUB