What Is Gopher?

This section provides a quick introduction of the Gopher protocol that allows distributed documents to be linked and presented as a hierarchy of items and directories.

Gopher is an Internet protocol that allows distributed documents to be linked and presented with a hierarchy of items and directories much like a file system. Gopher protocol and related software was released in 1991 by Mark McCahill, Farhad Anklesaria, Paul Lindner, Dan Torrey, and Bob Alberti of the University of Minnesota.

In a Gopher system, there are many distributed Gopher servers. Each Gopher server serves mainly two types of information:

Gopher clients programs are designed to:

The picture below shows a Gopher menu presented by the Gopher client program:
A Gopher Screenshot

Table of Contents

 About This Book

 1957 - FORTRAN Language Developed by IBM

 1970 - UNIX Operating System Developed by AT&T Bell Labs

 1971 - FTP Protocol Created by Abhay Bhushan

 1972 - C Language Developed by Dennis Ritchie

 1976 - vi Text Editor Developed by Bill Joy

 1977 - Apple II Designed by Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak

 1977 - The Bourne Shell Developed by Stephen Bourne

 1978 - The C Shell Developed by Bill Joy

 1978 - Bash (Bourne-Again Shell) Developed by Brian Fox

 1979 - The Tcsh (TENEX C Shell) Developed by Ken Greer

 1983 - "Sendmail" Mail Transfer Agent Developed by Eric Allman

 1984 - Macintosh Developed by Apple Inc.

 1984 - X Window System Developed a MIT Team

 1991 - WWW (World Wide Web) Developed by Tim Berners-Lee

1991 - Gopher Protocol Created by a University of Minnesota Team

What Is Gopher?

 Gopher Menu Item Types

 Setting Up a Gopher Server on Linux Systems

 ".names" File Example

 1995 - Java Language Developed by Sun Microsystems

 1995 - PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor Created by Rasmus Lerdorf

 2002 - .NET Framework Developed by Microsoft


 PDF Printing Version